Traditional classrooms assign projects. Such projects work well in helping students learn content in an enjoyable way. In such projects, the void is that students are engaged in only a portion of the process. The teachers do the questioning, planning, and researching. Teachers present the material to the students and then the students create something. This model looks like the diagram above, students only experience a portion of the learning process.
In a project-based classroom, the students are involved from the very beginning. Students are immersed in an experience that get them thinking and questioning. Students work with their teacher to come up with a direction for their project, making a purposeful learning journey. The teacher is a collaborator who helps students act on their thoughts. Students not only learn content and concepts, they also acquire the skills and passions.